When the U.S. Congress first passed the Dietary Supplement and Health Education Act (DSHEA) in 1994, there were only approximately 600 manufacturers of dietary supplements, offering the public an estimated 4,000 products. 
Today, that market has grown to the point where it now brings in $115.06 billion in revenues annually, and it is expected to continue to increase at a 7.8 percent compound annual growth rate (CAGR) by the year 2025. 
Research provided by Reports and Data, a boutique market intelligence and strategic consulting firm, reports that approximately $1.04 billion of the current earnings are from CBD products in particular.
Additionally, this particular category of dietary supplement is anticipated to account for more than $16 billion in sales by the year 2026, representing a CAGR of 27.7 percent, or more than triple all dietary supplements combined. 
This massive increase in CBD products is largely due to the passing of The Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018—more commonly known as “The Farm Bill”—which essentially removed industrial hemp from the Controlled Substances Act by the federal government. 
This action reduced manufacturers’ concerns of being prosecuted by the Drug and Enforcement Agency (DEA), thereby opening the door to increased sales of CBD products.
But it has also left many consumers wondering what makes CBD so desirable as a dietary aid. To begin to understand the answer to this question first requires knowing a little bit about CBD and what it does.
CBD stands for cannabidiol and is a chemical compound found within the hemp plant. Though some refer to hemp plants and marijuana plants interchangeably, science experts clarify that there is one notable difference between the two, and that is the amount of THC each type of plant contains.
THC is short for tetrahydrocannabinol and is the active ingredient that is responsible for creating the psychoactive effects most often associated with the use of recreational or medical marijuana.
Specifically, while the marijuana and hemp plants are the same with regard to visual appearance and smell, the hemp plant contains no more than 0.3 percent THC, whereas the marijuana plant’s THC content is much higher, usually falling somewhere between 5 and 20 percent. 
As a result, the side effects of CBD extracted from the hemp plant are non-intoxicating, making them unlike the effects typically received from cannabis products that can be purchased at the dispensary in areas where marijuana is currently both medically and recreationally legal, which includes states such as California and Colorado.
With that point clarified, it becomes much easier to understand that CBD is simply one of many cannabinoids found within the cannabis plant. But what are cannabinoids?
Cannabinoids are defined, in part, as “a type of chemical in marijuana that causes drug-like effects all through the body, including the central nervous system and the immune system.”  The way they work is by interacting with the body’s own endocannabinoid system via CBD receptors.
The University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) explains that the goal of the human endocannabinoid system is to help the body maintain a certain level of homeostasis. Additionally, though we’re just now learning more about this particular system, it has actually been present for more than 500 million years and can be found in all vertebrates, which includes mammals, birds, reptiles, and more. 
In the human body specifically, cannabinoid receptors can be found not only in the central nervous system, but also in various organs, cells, blood vessels, and other soft tissues according to the UCLA.
And when cannabinoids interact with these receptors, it can positively impact basic bodily processes, some of which are related to pain management, mood regulation, immune system function, sleep, stress, and metabolism, amongst others. These interactions have been scientifically proven to provide a number of health benefits.
To sum it up, CBD is a cannabinoid that works by interacting with the body’s own endocannabinoid system to maintain homeostasis on multiple levels related to total health and wellness.
Available in a variety of forms—which include CBD oils (which are sometimes called cannabis oils or hemp oil) and tinctures—both human studies and animal studies have confirmed that this particular cannabinoid has the propensity to help treat and manage a variety of medical conditions.
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